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March 19, 2023 Sermon Notes and Questions

Luke: Does Your Heart Need Healing

Wk 16, “The Purpose of the Passover”

Luke 22:14-23; Exodus 12: 1-30


Darin Elquist

Message Notes

Passover Origin Story-

Exodus 12:12-13
12 “On that same night I will pass through Egypt and strike down every firstborn of both people and animals, and I will bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD. 13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.


Abrahamic Covenant-

Exodus 2:23-25
23 During that long period, the king of Egypt died. The Israelites groaned in their slavery and cried out, and their cry for help because of their slavery went up to God. 24 God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. 25 So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them.



A covenant is an agreement between two people.

Two Basic Types of Covenants-


Depends on both parties for fulfillment


Depends on only ONE party for fulfillment

Genesis 12:2-3

2 “I will make you into a great nation,
and I will bless you;
I will make your name great,
and you will be a blessing.
3 I will bless those who bless you,
and whoever curses you I will curse;
and all peoples on earth
will be blessed through you. ”


Covenant Ceremony (Genesis 12)

God instructed Abraham to get a cow, a goat, and a ram, pigeon, and a dove.  Each 1 year old. The animal is spilt down the middle, except the birds. One half of the carcass is placed on one side, the other half of the carcass is placed on the opposite side. Making a path between the halves.

Abraham then falls into a deep sleep and a darkness came over him. It’s at this time God speaks to him. God tells Abraham that his descendants will be enslaved in a foreign land, however God will punish that nation. God continues, tell Abraham that his descendants will return home once they are freed.

After this, a blazing torch appears and passes between the animal halves.

If this was a conditional covenant, both parties would have passed through. However, since this is an unconditional covenant, only God passed through the animal halves.

This means that the covenant made with Abraham by God depends on God and God alone.










The Passover is God providing salvation through substitution


  1. What is Passover in the Old Testament?  

  2. What is Passover today?

Read Exodus 2:23-25

  1. What is a covenant?

  2. What do you think it means “that God remembered his covenant with Abraham”?

  3. Does God always hear our complaints?  Why or why not?

  4. Read Genesis 12:1-3

  5. Is there anything about this covenant that required the Jewish people keep up their end of the covenant?

  6. Has this covenant been fulfilled yet?

  7. What do you think were the purposes for the 10 plagues in Egypt?  

  8. How was sin dealt with in the Old Testament?

  9. Would the 10thplague affect just the Egyptians, or everyone’s first born?

  10. What saved many of the Israelites first born from death?

  11. What is the significance of blood in scripture?

  12. How is our sin dealt with today?  

Read Luke 22:14-23

  1. What is the New Covenant that Jesus mentions?

  2. Why do you think that Jesus “eagerly” wanted to have this Passover with His apostles?

  3. What is the significance of unleavened bread in scripture?

Read 1 Corinthians 5:6-8

  1. What does it mean that Christ is our Passover lamb?

  2. What is communion?  

  3. How important is communion?

  4. Explain what the elements of communion represent.

  1. Please continue to pray for our country, the leaders of our country, our church and its leadership.  Pray that God will put someone in your life this Passover season that you can mentor and come along side in their walk.